Epilepsy is a neurological disorder which causes an abnormality in brain activity, seizures and sometimes loss of awareness. Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.
For the majority of people with epilepsy, seizures can be controlled by treatment with medications or may be sometimes surgery. For some people seizures may go away eventually but some people may require lifelong treatment to control seizures. Some children with epilepsy may outgrow the condition with age. Epilepsy can affect any process of the brain coordination as it is caused by an abnormality in the brain.
Seizure signs and symptoms may include:
• Temporary confusion
• A staring spell
• Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
• Loss of consciousness or awareness
• Psychic symptoms such as fear, anxiety or deja vu
Symptoms of epilepsy may vary depending on the type of seizure. In most cases, a person may experience same type of seizure each time, so the symptoms may be similar from episode to episode.
Based on how abnormal the brain activity begins, doctors classify seizures as either focal or generalized.
See a doctor if any of the following occurs:
• The seizure lasts more than five minutes.
• Breathing or consciousness doesn’t return after the seizure stops.
• A second seizure follows immediately.
• You have a high fever.
• You’re experiencing heat exhaustion.
• You’re pregnant.
• You have diabetes.
• You’ve injured yourself during the seizure.
Seek immediate medical assistance if you are experiencing seizures for the very first time.